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Bhunga: Traditional Mud Houses of Kutch

Kutch is famous for its culture and traditions. One of the main attractions of Kutch are their traditional mud houses, called “Bhuga”. They are circular in shape with thatched roof. Bhungas are well known for their structural stability during natural calamities like earthquake, sandstorms and cyclonic winds. They are constructed in such a way that one gets fully protected in every climate. Bhungas are mostly found in the north Kutch regions like Banni and Paccham.

History

After the great earthquake in 1819 in Kutch and Sindh region, all building craftsmen here got together to find out a way to be protected from such events in future. After long meetings and discussions they came up with these circular Bunga Houses. Also in the 2001 earthquake, when large buildings did not survive, these mud houses were totally safe and survived.

Architecture

Bhunga houses are constructed using timber, bamboo and clay. If we talk about its structure, roof is placed on two thick wooden posts which bear the weight of whole roof. For the purpose of cross ventilation, wooden framed windows are set at a lower level in the circular wall. Direct sunlight is avoided with the help of two hanging roofs that cover the wall from outside. This also adds the insulation from the environment. The inner diameter of Bhunga ranges from 3 meters to 6 meters.

Maintenance

These bhunga huts of Kutch require regular maintenance in order to keep up. People applies lipai or lime plasters to circular walls and even floors. They also does the replacement of dried grass on the roof to protect from sunlight. Outside walls are decorated with colorful paintings inside walls are decorated with beautiful mirror and mud work done by women of Kutch.

If you are on a visit, or planning a visit to Kutch and take the advantage of staying in these Bhungas, then Toran Resort Kutch is the ideal place to book them. We provide stay in these traditional Bhunga houses with all the amenities like AC, LED TV, and Heater etc.

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